Diabetes is a metabolic disease of which there are two types, type one and type two. The reason why someone may end up with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is that they have too much glucose in their blood. Too much glucose in the blood can lead to experiencing a number of very negative health issues. According to the American Diabetes Association, type 2 diabetes is often asymptomatic in its early stages and can remain undiagnosed for many years.
Since there are treatment options available for those living with type 2 diabetes, it is essential for everyone to receive a proper screening for this disease even if they feel they do not have any symptoms. The American Diabetes Association recommends screening for type 2 diabetes annually in patients 45 years and older or in patients younger than 45 years old who have major risk factors.
Diabetes risks and symptoms
The risk of someone developing type two diabetes increases as they grow older. Other risks that support a type two diabetes diagnosis include being overweight and not getting enough exercise. A family history of diabetes can be a major risk factor, along with hypertension and a high HDL cholesterol level. If someone has high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, they are also at risk and need to schedule a diabetes screening with their physician as soon as possible.
Symptoms of diabetes
Patients do not tend to experience any symptoms when they have type 2 diabetes in the early stages. Unfortunately, a diagnosis of diabetes type 2 often occurs after damage to the body occurs. While it is not too late to provide someone with the necessary health care services they need for better health after a diagnosis, once someone starts to experience type two diabetes symptoms, they tend to worsen quickly. This is why early diabetes screening is so essential to one’s overall good health.
Once someone starts exhibiting diabetes symptoms, which are often mild in the beginning, the symptoms can quickly become extreme without proper treatment. Common symptoms of diabetes include urinating often, feeling thirsty often, feeling hungry often, extreme fatigue, blurred vision, wounds that are slow to heal, and feeling tingling, numbness or any pain in the hands and/or feet.
What exactly is a diabetes screening? Diabetes screening tests include a fasting plasma glucose test and an oral glucose tolerance test. We will determine which one will be necessary to test a patient for diabetes after meeting them. If the results come out to be negative, then we will most likely recommend taking a follow-up diabetes screening test again. We will determine when the best time for the next screening test is.
If the results are positive, then a professional health care physician will come up with a plan for treating diabetes that fully educates the patient along the way. Screening for diabetes is essential as those who are walking around with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes are at a much higher risk for developing a number of negative health issues, i.e. stroke, heart disease, vascular disease. Early detection of type 2 diabetes is an essential part of someone’s overall good health.
What the treatment process may be like
Depending on the screening results will ultimately determine the treatment process for type 2 diabetes. Treatment options for treating type 2 diabetes include making the necessary lifestyle changes that can normalize one’s blood sugar and possibly take medications to control diabetes, like insulin.
Since type 2 diabetes is becoming an all too common diagnosis the need to improve diabetes-related measures is essential when it comes to diagnosing and treating this disease. Disease management programs and plans are now available that are able to fully support and accordingly provide the best healthcare services for someone who is currently living with type 2 diabetes.
Daily disease management can include taking diabetes medications, self-monitoring one’s blood sugar and always being on the top of the latest news when it comes to managing type 2 disease.
The fact that type 2 diabetes is much more prevalent than type 1 diabetes and associated with long-term body damage makes diabetes screening an essential part of an annual physical or wellness exam. The American Diabetes Association supports disease prevention and recently put out a press release that offers new recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes in order to improve the prevention of or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. More and more evidence-based studies on the prevention of diabetes are coming out showing positive results when a focus is put on diabetes screening.
If you would like to learn more about diabetes screening and the various treatments we provide, call (212) 548-3274 to schedule a consultation.